29 July 2015

Kerry: We Can't Reveal Contents of Secret Side Deals to American People

I am DISGUSTED that Kerry is Secretary of State, and I am DISGUSTED with his answers - either a lack of answer, or the ambiguity of answers. Not Acceptable! My country, but not my government!



07 April 2015

20% of us have 'exploding head syndrome'

20% of us have 'exploding head syndrome' where we hear loud noises | Daily Mail Online



If you've ever heard a 'boom' in the night that you can't explain, you might have 'exploding head syndrome', psychologists warn.

It's estimated between 10 and 20 per cent of people have experienced this bizarre condition, in which a person is woken up by an abrupt loud noise they soon realise is imaginary, a study found.

The phenomenon strikes as a person is dropping off to sleep.

And the type of noise can vary from explosions and fireworks to slammed doors, the sound of a gun firing, an enormous roar, shouting, thunder or a crack of lightning.

The noises start suddenly and last for a few seconds, and some people also experience visual disturbances, such as seeing lightning or flashes.

The condition stops people from sleeping and leads to other psychological problems as sometimes believe they are having a seizure or being attacked, experts said.

For some, the condition is so bad it significantly impacts their lives.
Before this current study, it was believed the condition only occurred in people over the age of 50, but Dr Brian Sharpless, of Washington State University, says his research proves it commonly occurs in young people too.

As part of the study, he interviewed 211 undergraduate students, and found a fifth had experienced exploding head syndrome at least once.

Previous studies found one in ten people will experience the condition at least once in their lifetime, with women twice as likely to suffer than men. 

Dr Sharpless explained the disorder tends to come as a person is falling asleep, and doctors suspect it stems from problems with the brain shutting down.

When the brain goes to sleep, it's like a computer shutting down, with motor, sound and visual brain cells turning off in stages.

But instead of shutting down properly, the brain cells responsible for sound are thought to fire all at once, creating a blast of energy that the brain interprets as a loud noise.

'That's why you get these crazy-loud noises that you can't explain, and they're not actual noises in your environment,' Dr Sharpless said.

He also found more than a third of students who had exploding head syndrome also experienced isolated sleep paralysis, a frightening experience in which one cannot move or speak when waking up.

People with this condition will literally dream with their eyes wide open, he said.
While exploding head syndrome might sound funny, Dr Sharpless said it is actually extremely frightening.

It can lead to sleeping problems and worse: an attack may cause temporary tachycardia - a faster heart rate than normal - and palpitations.

WHAT CAUSES EXPLODING HEAD SYNDROME? 

Doctors suspect exploding head syndrome is caused by problems with the brain shutting down as a person is falling asleep. 

Dr Brian Sharpless, of Washington State University, explained when the brain goes to sleep, it's like a computer shutting down.

Motor, sound and visual brain cells turn off in stages.

But for people with exploding head syndrome, instead of shutting down properly, the brain cells responsible for sound are thought to fire all at once, creating a blast of energy that the brain interprets as a loud noise.

'That's why you get these crazy-loud noises that you can't explain, and they're not actual noises in your environment,' Dr Sharpless said.

In the longer term, it can also lead to panic disorder, depression and catastrophising, where patients misinterpret symptoms as signs of more serious conditions, such as a stroke. 

'Some people have worked these scary experiences into conspiracy theories and mistakenly believe the episodes are caused by some sort of directed-energy weapon,' he said.

Others are so bewildered by the experience that they don't even tell their spouse.

He said: 'They may think they're going crazy and they don't know that a good chunk of the population has had the exact same thing.'

In fact, he believes both exploding head syndrome and isolated sleep paralysis have been misinterpreted as unnatural events.

The waking dreams of people with sleep paralysis can make for convincing hallucinations, which might account for why some people in the Middle Ages would be convinced they saw demons or witches.

'In 21st century America, you have aliens,' Dr Sharpless said.

'For this scary noise you hear at night when there's nothing going on in your environment, well, it might be the government messing with you.'

Dr Sharpless is concerned with the lack of treatment for both exploding head syndrome and sleep paralysis.

However, researchers are trialling drugs that may be promising.

'One of the drugs they gave for exploding head syndrome actually didn't make the noises go away,' he said. 'It just turned the volume down.'

Many people are simply relieved to get a diagnosis and learn that they are not alone.

'There's the possibility that just being able to recognize it and not be afraid of it can make it better,' Dr Sharpless said.

The research was published online in the journal Sleep Medicine Reviews.